Every skin is different, and taking care of each skin type presents a unique set of challenges. Skin type does not change but you can only manage your skin type through proper care e.g. for oily skin, you can ensure that the skin remains clean, and pores are not clogged by following the correct skin care regimen and using the right products.
On the other hand, a skin condition can be treated as these are caused by combination of external factors and improper skin care, e.g. you can rehydrate dehydrated skin or you can treat an acne
A healthy glow, no open pores or fine lines (although these may develop with the natural ageing process), soft, smooth texture.
Normal skin is soft to the touch, uniform and without obvious imperfections. It can sometimes be greasy and shiny in the "T zone" formed by the forehead, the nose and the chin, it then is called combination skin. There is no excessive production of sebum. Micro-relief is characteristic of a well-moisturized skin and neither secretes too much sweat nor too much sebum.
Visible dryness, tightness, prone to wrinkling, tight pores.
A dry skin lacks either lipids or water or both. Other factors may also be important like ultraviolet irradiation, pollution or climatic conditions. When dryness is due to the lack of sebum, there are less protective lipids and skin is more reactive to aggressive factors. People with dry skin experience a feeling of tautness after washing.
When exposed to drying factors, skin can flake, crack, peel or become itchy, irritated or inflamed. If your skin is very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.
Dry skin may be caused or worsened by Genetics, Ageing or changes in hormones, Extreme weather such as wind, sun, or cold, Indoor heating, Long hot baths and showers, Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics or cleaning agents and Medications.
Dehydrated dry skin is associated with a significant lack of moisture. The most obvious characteristic is certainly a coarse feel and roughness of the cutaneous surface. It may be a question of constitution, as is often the case with pale, thin, delicate skins, with a tendency to suffer from eczema or to be sensitive to the cold (tendency to chapping) or to dryness from the ambient air causing tautness and itching to various degrees.
Having a sensitive skin type can mean different things to different people. It can be caused by skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema or allergies. Sensitive skin can become inflamed and irritated easily. It is important to choose the right skin care for sensitive skin because many cleansers and moisturisers contain ingredients that can cause an adverse reaction.
Shiny, open pores, coarser skin texture with oily residue.
Oily skin is characterised by the overproduction of the sebum at the skin surface by the sebaceous gland, target organ of androgens. It is most frequently encountered in adolescents and young adults. Excess of sebum gives the skin a shiny appearance, particularly on the forehead, the sides of the nose and the chin. In severe cases, various forms of acne can develop. A oily skin is thick, well moisturized and covered with a protective oily film. It is less sensitive to external factors, to drying out and stress and for this reason is less subject to wrinkles and signs of ageing.